SA (Small Arms) Ammunition and Manufacturing process

Small Arms Ammunition refers to a complete round/cartridge or its components, including bullets or projectiles, cartridge cases, primers/caps and propellants that are used in small arms.

Small Arms Ammunition is primarily cartridge-based. The main function of a cartridge case is to expand and seal the chamber against rearward escape of gases when a cartridge is fired. The shape of case can be straight (pistols), bottlenecked (rifles), or tapered. Shotshell tubes can be made of brass, plastic, or paper. With caseless ammunition, the bullet is embedded in a block of propellant rather than fitted into a cartridge case. The absence of a case makes it 50% lighter than normal rounds for the same terminal ballistics, but it is not widely used.

Bullets can be either of lead or metal jacketed. Bullet jackets are generally made from gilded metal or copper-coated steel. Military ammunition, whether rifle or pistol, is full metal-jacketed. High-velocity rifle ammunition used for hunting, and high-velocity revolver and pistol ammunition cartridges are partial metal-jacketed: the metal jacket is open at the tip of the bullet to expose the lead core (soft point or hollow point), causing the bullet to mushroom upon impact. Blank cartridges are sealed with paper disks instead of bullets, or have a crimped neck.

Ammunition Manufacturing Process:

Raw Materials    

Bullet Design & Manufacture    

Case Design & Manufacture    

Primer Design & Manufacture    

The Manufacturing Process: Cartridge Assembly    

Quality Control    

The Future    


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